Types Of Acne
There are different types of acne, and dermatologists all over the world rank it from Grade I to Grade IV, Grade I being the mildest form of acne and Grade IV being the most serious form. There are different types of acne, each one caused by different reasons. No matter the type of acne, it always starts with a lesion which is caused by the comedo; a hair follicle plugged with oil and bacteria. If you identify the type of acne you are suffering from, you can control it to some extent by addressing the problem correctly. Some of the common types of acne are listed below:
Acne Vulgaris is the most common form of acne and it may be triggered by factors such as stress, blocked pores, hormonal imbalance or use of certain drugs and cosmetics. The word is derived from the Greek word Acne, which means skin eruption. Acne can range from mild to moderate. The lesions in acne vulgaris include blackheads, whiteheads, papules, pustules, nodules and cysts which determine the severity of your acne. If you understand the grade of your acne, or its type, it can help you understand the causes of outbreaks and also help you choose the correct course of treatment.
Grade I or Blackheads ? Non-inflammatory acne is always present in people prone to acne in the form of blackheads. Blackheads and milia are the mildest form of acne and may have occasional pimples present with them. This kind of acne is most common in teenagers and adolescents. Most of the blackheads are present on the nose, forehead or chin.
Grade I acne can be successfully treated by using over-the-counter products containing salicylic acid. Home remedies can also work to treat this kind of acne and the results are generally seen quickly. Blackheads are also referred to as open comedonal acne which form when the pores of the skin become partially clogged with dead skin cells, bacteria and sebum. When the partially draining sebum is exposed to air, it oxidizes, becomes hard and turns black in color.
The blackheads can also be accompanied by whiteheads and milia, another form of non-inflammatory Grade I acne. This form of acne is referred to as closed comedonal acne and is a moderate type of acne. In this form of acne, the person has blackheads and milia present on the skin along with whiteheads. Whiteheads develop similar to blackheads, but the reason for their formation is closed or narrow pipe instead of blockages, which prevents the bacteria, dead skin cells and sebum to make its way out of the sebaceous gland.
If Grade I acne is left untreated, it can progress to Grade II acne.
Grade II or Papules and pustules ? This form of acne is an inflammatory type of acne which has blackheads, pimples, papules and pustules present in great numbers. They also appear with greater frequency on the cheeks, nose, forehead and other areas of the face, including chin. Women also experience breakouts in the jaw line area.
Grade II acne is common in teenagers and adult women, especially just before and during the menstrual cycle. This type of acne can also be treated at home with over-the-counter products which contain salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide. Benzoyl peroxide helps kill the bacteria, reducing inflamed breakouts.
In Grade II type of acne, the whitehead or the closed comedonal acne becomes so swollen that it ruptures, releasing its contents into the dermis. There is an increased chance of bacterial contamination and inflammation is caused as a result of the white blood cells trying to repair the damage. The activity of the white blood cells leads to the formation of pus, which forms into a zit or pustule near the surface of the epidermis. If these pimples and pustules are habitually picked or squeezed, it leads to Grade III type of acne, which is a more severe form of acne.
Grade III Acne ? As the amount of inflammation increases, causing the skin to be reddened and inflamed, it is considered Grade III or severe acne. Grade III acne usually involves other body parts such as the neck, upper back, shoulders and chest. The infection becomes deeper and spreads if it has been left untreated.
Grade IV or Nodule and cysts ? This is the most severe type of acne and can cause long term damage to the dermis. Acne nodules may come under Grade III type, but cysts are classified as Grade IV type of acne.
The nodules and cysts cause scarring of the skin. They are formed when a deep rupture of either comedonal acne, papule or pustule occurs, leaking the infected material into the dermis. This type of acne is hard to control and must be treated by a dermatologist.